Historical McDonough, GA - 1823
GA and Henry Country were originally inhabited by the Creek Indian Nation and
was considered one of the "Five Civilized Tribes" of the American Indian because
they built permanent homes, engaged in farming and kept large herds of
In the beginning the Creek Tribe tolerated the settlers and even
began to trade with them and signed treaties which ceded the lands to the United
States and GA. One of the treaties were signed by Chief William McIntosh on the
large rock in front of his home on January 8, 1821. The treaty gave the State
all rights to the territory from between Ocmulgee and Flint rivers.
GA general assembly in the spring of 1821 had a special session and formed 5 new
counties. It was approved by Governor John Clark on Christmas Eve 1821.
Henry County was named for Patrick Henry, VA-born statesman and orator.
Before the end of Henry County's first year of existence it had been whittled
away to form parts of the surrounding Counties. Because many of them were formed
from the original Henry County it was now known as the "Mother of Counties".
village of McDonough was named to honor Commodore Thomas McDonough. A victory,
by Thomas McDonough on Lake Champlain, was one of the most brilliant naval
exploits in the War of 1812.
Life in Henry County in the 1820's were very good as McDonough was the only
town in the county and became the business, cultural and educational center of
the area. People moved out of the area in the late 1830's because gold was
discovered in North Georgia. McDonough lost most of the growth when the
"railroad" lines bypassed McDonough and converged on a small town to the north
called Marthasville, known today as Atlanta.
the "War Between the States" and with the coming of a railroad, McDonough began
a new era of growth and prosperity. Many who had already moved away returned to
build residences, practice law and even moved the newspaper from Hampton to
McDonough. In 1882, Mr. George Schaefer purchased land in McDonough and built
the Schaefer Building and warehouse for cotton, Making McDonough an important
cotton market and enjoying a building boom!
Today McDonough is a thriving, beautiful city that combines traditions of the
Old South, country living and contemporary lifestyles.
McDonough, Georgia is a "CITY OF CHARACTER". In fact, McDonough was the first
city in the United States to be so designated. In 1998, Mayor Richard Craig,
after attending a "Cities of Character" Conference in Indianapolis, Indiana,
returned to McDonough and, by resolution of council, had the distinction
bestowed on his city.
The information about Historical McDonough, GA was provided from the City's